Your Monday Summary – The New York Times

Britain’s National Health Service turns 75 this month. It is inside a deep problem of his history: flooding with elderly patients; hunger for money; and the lack of doctors and nurses, many of them are so fired up that they go on strike or quit their jobs abroad.

Doctors, nurses, patients, hospital managers and health professionals described a system that was so complex that some experts warned the NHS was at risk of collapse. In 2022, the rate of excess deaths rose to the highest level in the last 50 years, and these numbers are increasing, as the Covid has slowed down.

More than 7.4 million people in England are waiting for treatment, for everything from hip replacements to cancer surgery. This is up from 4.1 million before the pandemic in 2020.

Story: The outbreak exposed many of the problems that have been mounting in the sector since Conservative-led governments began cutting budgets in 2010, the start of a decade of crisis. Health care costs increased by about 2 percent annually from 2010 to 2019, compared to 5.1 percent from 1998 to 2008.

On the number: In those years of tightening the belt. Britain spent less annually per capita on health than the wealthiest EU countries. Its capital fell between the bloc and $ 41 billion.

About the world the population is changing – but what we have seen so far is only the beginning. By 2050, people aged 65 and over will make up nearly 40 percent of the population in parts of East Asia and Europe. A staggering number of retirees will depend on the shrinking workforce to support them.

As a result, experts predict, things that many rich countries like the US and those in the EU take for granted – pensions, retirement years, strict immigration policies and more – will need to be reformed to make them sustainable. And today’s rich countries make up a smaller share of global GDP, economists say.

In the near future, the best workers will be in South and Southeast Asia, Africa and the Middle East, according to the UN, which can restore economic growth and international power.

Opportunities for poor countries: As the birth rate declines, low-income countries can benefit from the “demographic dividend,” as an increased share of workers compared to dependents encourages economic growth. Adults with small families have more free time to study and invest in their children. More women tend to enter the workforce, which increases economic growth.

Five weeks of fighting against Ukraine, its strength it is slowly progressing as they try to get through fields littered with countless types of landmines—made of plastic and metal, shaped like tins of chewing tobacco or soda cans, with names as varied as “witch” and “leaf.”

The Ukrainian military is also hampered by a lack of air support and deep defenses built by the Russians. But it was a barrage of mines, tripwires, booby traps and explosive devices that forced Ukrainian troops to land within a few kilometers of their starting point.

Mines have long been a part of Russia’s military operations, most commonly used in Afghanistan and Chechnya. But the minefields in the south of Ukraine are bigger and more complex than previously known, soldiers who have entered them say. Ukraine also plants large fields of antitank mines, to stop Russian advances.

Details: The demining teams work to clear a path up to two meters wide, allowing the pedestrians to walk forward. Then, the bombers move back down the road to widen it by another foot or so, so that two soldiers can walk shoulder to shoulder as they carry stretchers to the wounded.

On a hot June day in London, three uniformed soldiers fainted while preparing for a military march. Why, even though climate change improves our lives, we look like that persistence in doing things the way we’ve always done it?

Related: Europe is facing a a very hot week.

Jane Birkin, a British-born designer who was a fashion influencer in France, He died at the age of 76.

New Wimbledon Champion Unseeded, Unpaid, Undefeated: Is Marketa Vondrousova he did the “impossible.” And, from The Times, how Carlos Alcaraz won his first All England Club title.

Also at Wimbledon: The life of a soccer kid. (Also, see the best of foreign fashion.)

Inside Lionel Messi’s move to Miami: A hotel room in Paris, a place of pleasure – how the money worked and why Apple is so important.

From the Times: Why every city in Australia and New Zealand hosts the Women’s World Cup he has two names.

The theater strike ends change Oscars season, since their union is banning members from promoting any film while the strike is going on. It has imposed a ban on talking and appearing on red carpets at film festivals in Venice and Toronto that could be key to Oscars buzz.

After the pandemic, popular movies need all the support they can get at the box office. If they can’t be helped by competitive chatter and happy videographers, studios may decide to transfer some of the titles at stake in late 2024.

This can give you access to premium time on browsers like Netflix, which don’t have to box in the decisions about what to start or pause. And movies that have already had a big cultural impact — like “Old Souls,” from June, or “Flower Moon Killers,” which premiered at Cannes in May — can do well.

Related: Why should you care about being beaten in Hollywood? Because the theater behind it has more similar to us than to the megastarsour biggest TV critic writes.

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