The fierce war in Sudan between the army and the powerful army has reached a climax of 100 days with no signs of respite.
On April 15, a violent conflict between army chief Abdel Fattah al-Burhan and his former deputy, the head of the Rapid Support Forces (RSF) Mohamed Hamdan “Hemedti” Dagalo, sparked a major conflict, killing thousands of people, forcing millions from their homes and exacerbating a major humanitarian crisis.
Here’s what’s happening in the fight so far.
April 15: War breaks out
On April 15, gunfire and loud explosions rocked the capital Khartoum, causing panic in the city and beyond.
The army and the RSF criticize each other first.
The conflicts come after years of instability and repeated expropriations.
Fighting has also broken out in the western region of Darfur, which is still the scene of a brutal war that began in 2003 under former dictator Omar al-Bashir.
April 22: Migration begins
Several countries are running escape their citizens by plane or land.
Thousands of people have fled the march while many diplomats have been expelled.
Millions of Sudanese are stuck in their homes without water, food, medicine and other essentials.
April 25: The deal fails
The United States and Saudi Arabia negotiate a 72 hour contract but it is quickly broken. A list of other peaceful things that follow wrongly.
Ahmed Harun, a leader in al-Bashir’s government, who was ousted by the military after months of protests, is said to have escaped from prison.
The military says al-Bashir, who is wanted by the International Criminal Court (ICC) on charges of genocide in the war in Darfur, was. he was transferred to the hospital before the war.
April 26: Aid organizations are struggling
Aid organizations raise the alarm while humanitarian services are disrupted across the country. Organizations are struggling to resume operations while ensuring the safety of their employees.
April 27: The ceasefire is violated
The Sudanese army and the RSF have agreed to extend the ceasefire for “an additional 72 hours” amid ongoing violence in Khartoum and the western Darfur region.
But the fight continues while warplanes are hovering over the northern parts of the capital and fighters on the ground are exchanging weapons with heavy machine-guns, according to witnesses.
May 6: News of Jeddah begins
US-Saudi-sponsored talks between military representatives and the RSF start in Jeddah in Saudi Arabia.
May 11: Humanitarian aid is needed
The two groups agree to allow urgently needed aid to reach the affected areas, committing to “ensure the safety of civilians” but, again, the fighting will not end.
May 22: The ceasefire was violated again
A new one-week ban goes into effect but is repeatedly violated.
May 31: The troops leave
On May 31, the military says they will it suspended participation in the peace talksHe accuses RSF of failing to honor its commitments.
June 1: US imposes sanctions
US they force the first sanctions related to the conflict, targeting two companies linked to the military and two others linked to the RSF.
It warns that it will “respond” to all those who disturb the peace in the country and has said that it will impose visa restrictions “on the perpetrators of violence who continue the violence”.
June 3: The army brings reinforcements
The Sudanese army is calling additionswhich is causing fear among the residents of Khartoum that the conflict is intensifying.
The army is trying to seize the military base of the RSF headquarters.
June 6: Scarcity
Increasing the intensity increases the problems of ordinary people they are already suffering from limited water, food and medicine, while bandits raid areas around Khartoum, stealing cars, breaching safe havens and occupying people’s homes.
June 7: An oil fire breaks out
A a big fire It has flooded Khartoum’s gas stations as the war nears a critical munitions depot. Smoke billows from an oil storage facility near a military base and a weapons factory.
June 8: The orphans are transferred
About 280 children and 70 foster parents are to be taken from the Al-Mayqoma orphanage in Khartoum to a new facility in Madani, about 135km (85 miles) southeast of the capital. That the evacuation lasted eight weeks into the conflict shows the difficulty of obtaining security guarantees from the warring parties.
June 9: UN Ambassador declared ‘persona non grata’
Sudanese authorities announce it The UN representative in the country, Volker Perthes, “persona non grata” two weeks after the military commander accused him of starting the war.
June 10: A ceasefire is announced
Fighting sides accept it to impose a 24-hour curfew and agree to allow unrestricted movement and humanitarian aid throughout the country.
June 11: The war resumes
Within 30 minutes of the ceasefire, the fight resumes it’s a new energy. Aircraft strikes, shelling and gunfire were heard hitting several parts of the country, killing seven people.
June 14: More than 2 million people flee
The UN says more than 2 million people have been forced to flee their homes across Sudan, with more than 1.6 million fleeing to safe areas within the country, and about 530,000 fleeing to neighboring countries.
June 15: The governor of West Darfur was killed
West Darfur State Governor Khamis Abakar is captured and killed after publicly criticizing the civilian deaths of the RSF. The incident marks a new escalation in the controversy.
June 17: A ceasefire is announced
Competitive aspects accept it restricting the 72-hour expiration and allowing for unimpeded mobility and providing compassionate care.
June 19: Donors pledge nearly $1.5bn
International sponsors a promise about $1.5bn for the humanitarian response in Sudan and the region, the UN said, after asking countries to increase aid.
The agency says its emergency aid program needs $2.57bn.
June 20: The Governor of Darfur calls for an investigation
Governor of Darfur Mini Arch Minawi phones for an international investigation into the atrocities against the people living in the region and is asking the UN Security Council to allow the ICC to investigate “crimes and genocide”.
June 21: Fighting resumes
Powerful battles break out after the 72-hour ceasefire ended, and heavy fighting took place in some parts of the capital including near the headquarters of the intelligence agency near Khartoum International Airport.
June 27: The army declares peace
Al-Burhan they announce the end of “unity” on the first day of the Muslim holiday Eid al-Adha. His announcement comes after Hemedti announced a two-day ceasefire.
June 28: An air raid was reported
Residents say the airstrikes are anti-aircraft fire fight Khartoum as fighting between the warring factions escalates.
July 2: The war continues
Fighting he continues while airstrikes are launched in the north of Khartoum and heavy artillery is used in the east of the city.
July 5: UN condemns ‘sexual violence’
IS to explain frustration on the increase sexual violence against women and girls in Sudan and calls for a thorough and permanent investigation into all the alleged violations and abuses so that the perpetrators are held accountable.
July 10: The district board calls a meeting
The Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), made up of eight countries in the Horn of Africa, they meet in Addis Ababa to start the peace process.
But this is facing obstacles because the delegation of the Sudanese military failed to attend the first day of the meetings.
July 11: Sudan rejects peace efforts
Soldiers they refuse the regional assembly that he wants to consider sending peacekeeping forces to protect civilians.
The IGAD mediation offer was the first in weeks after talks in Jeddah were halted following multiple ceasefire violations.
July 12: UK imposes sanctions
The United Kingdom they impose penalties of the companies three are linked to the military and three to the RSF.
Defense Industries Systems and two other entities were registered to bankroll and provide aid to the military. By funding and equipping the RSF, the UK endorsed Al-Junaid.
July 13: ICC investigates violence in Darfur
The ICC they have started an investigation the escalation of violence in the Darfur region of the country. This includes reported murder, rape, arson, homelessness and violence involving children.
July 15: The news of Jeddah is revived
Military representatives have returned to Jeddah in Saudi Arabia for talks with the RSF, according to reports.